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So what are the unique craftsmanship of ancient jade carving, or traditional jade carving? Let's talk today.
Let's start with a jade carving process:
"Cut", in a nutshell, is to use a saw to cut irregular jade ore into squares of appropriate size, which is generally determined according to the quality of each part of the jade ore. Therefore, a piece of jade ore is often cut into multiple blanks of different sizes. This is no different from modern times. Knowledge relied on manpower in the old days and electricity on the modern day.
This step refers to rolling out a rough shape based on the shape of the jade you want to carve.
That is to say, the specific carving is carried out, and the patterns and details are carefully carved out by using human drills and cones. This is the essence of jade carving, and it is also very different from modern jade carving. It can be further divided into the following steps:
"Xianyu" is our idea in the modern sense. Before carving, you should carefully plan according to the texture, texture, and material of the jade.
According to the concept, roughly draw the desired shape and pattern of the jade with a pen on the jade blank, similar to drawing a draft.
In ancient times, the process of concrete carving of jade articles was called "cutting".
Generally, 铊 (a kind of thin iron disk, similar to modern round stone saws), using water and emery as media, go through the process of 铡, 錾, punching, pressing, hooking, and so on, and polish the jade bit by bit. This is a commonly used carving technique in ancient times, but it is considered "carving with a knife" by modern people. In ancient times, it was a niche technique.
Polishing is the last step of jade carving. Dip a fine piece of wood, gourd skin, or cowhide with a mortar of pearl powder, and repeatedly polish the surface of the jade.